Category Archives: IT

IT

WOL = Wake-on-lan

How to make a Wake-on-LAN (WOL) wakeup call to a PC from your Mac OS in the same network or from Internet.

So the case is you have a home PC (Windows 10 desktop) running behind a Synology NAS, which is always connected to the Internet. The NAS is always on, but the PC is rarely accessed just for some special software installed on it.

To access the PC in my home network I have setup:

  • OpenVPN server setup on the Synology
  • Windows 10 Pro version which allows Remote desktop connection

So to use the software on the PC remotely you have t setup on you Mac OS:

  • OpenVPN client in order to connect to your home network – Tunnelblick (free)
  • Microsoft Remote Desktop app (free)

And this is working fine. But… You may want to sleep the PC and wake it only when you need it.

In order to be able to wake the PC you need to allow this feature in the BIOS of your PC. Also check the settings in Windows.

And then you have two cases:

A) Wake PC from Mac in the same network (WiFi):

Check this Q&A:

https://apple.stackexchange.com/questions/95246/wake-other-computers-from-mac-osx

I liked the Ruby way:

The RubyGems package which is stock (installed by default) on Mac, can also be used to install a wake on lan app. Just use the “gem install wol” command in terminal.

   gem install wol

It will install the activity in /usr/bin/local/wol.

As an aside, the wol tool can wake a properly configured Synology NAS or my Home PC.

cd /usr/local/bin

Now you have “wol” command script in this directory.

Create a new script:

sudo nano wol_pc
/usr/local/bin/wol 70:85:C2:70:23:8D

Use keys to save & exit:
^O , Enter
^X

sudo chmod +x wol_pc

This is the simple way, but not so common in use. Usually you are away and want to connect to the PC, do some work and leave without to go home for this task. Then see case B)

B) Wake PC from Mac NOT in the same network using VPN connection and Synology NAS to send the Wake-on-LAN signal.

Mac –(internet)–> Synology VPN server –(local network)–> Home PC

The WOL signal is send on port 9 using the broadcast address in your network. The issue is that using VPN you may have issues to send this WOL signal through the VPN tunnel and wake the PC.

The solution I implemented is:

to have a web page in my local network hosted on my NAS. By opening this page in my browser (when I am connected with the VPN) it will send locally from NAS the Wake-on-LAN(WOL) signal and wake the PC as if I am at home on my NAS.

Enable Synology “Web station” in order to be able to be able to open a page in my Mac OS browser.
https://kb.synology.com/en-us/DSM/tutorial/How_to_host_a_website_on_Synology_NAS

Create “wakeonlan.py” and “wol.php” page

/volume1/web/wakeonlan.py

!/usr/bin/env python
import socket
import sys
if len(sys.argv) < 3:
  print 'Usage: wakeonlan.py (example: 192.168.1.255 00:11:22:33:44:55)'
  sys.exit(1)
mac = sys.argv[2]
data = ''.join(['FF' * 6, mac.replace(':', '') * 16])
sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
sock.setsockopt(socket.SOL_SOCKET, socket.SO_BROADCAST, 1)
sock.sendto(data.decode("hex"), (sys.argv[1], 9))

So calling this in shell/terminal:

python wakeonlan.py 192.168.10.255 FF:85:C2:70:23:8D

Will send a message on port 9 for the specified Network MAC Address!

Useful info: You cannot wake-up your PC by simply making PING to its IP address, because in Sleep state it does not keep/have IP address (even if it is fixed on your router or the PC!).
Wake-on-LAN relies on the NIC (network interface card) to be the only not-sleeping device which waits the wakeup call on port 9 and it recognises calls addressed to it by its MAC address (e.g. FF:85:C2:70:23:8D as in the example above).

Activate in “Package center” the “Web station”
in Web station (for DSM ver 6.2) :
–> “General settings” –> select PHP version: e.g. 7.3
I have NOT enabled the personal web sites!!! If you have enabled them, then your web directory will be at different path than mine!!!

Create the following PHP script in /volume1/web/ :

wol.php

<?php
// outputs the username that owns the running php/httpd process
// // (on a system with the "whoami" executable in the path)
$output=null;
$retval=null;
exec('whoami', $output, $retval);
echo "Returned with status $retval and output:\n";
print_r($output);

$output = "";
exec('python wakeonlan.py 192.168.10.255 FF:85:C2:70:23:8D', $output, $retval);

echo "Calling WAKE-ON-LAN command:";
print_r($output);
?>

So now once you have established VPN connection to your home network via OpenVPN, you have to open your browser and the local page on your Synology like this:

http://your_synoklogy_ip/wol.php

And depending on the speed of your PC (for mine it’s 5-6 seconds) you can use the Remote Desktop as usual to connect to Windows 10 desktop.

Enjoy.


Интересна тема за размисъл – Дали не подкопахме бъдещите дигитални професии?

Източник:
https://technews.bg/article-128096.html – “Дали не подкопахме бъдещите дигитални професии?”

Определено първият досег с компютъра не донесе очарованието, което би запленило децата.

Един възрастен професор по медийните науки разказва, че някога да имаш радиоапарат у дома е било рядкост. По това време радиото е било по-скоро екстра за най-богатите или, в по-честия случай, хоби за любителите-техничари, които са сглобявали самостоятелно лампови радиоприемници. Имало е даже кръжоци по радио-моделиране. По-късно, в края на 90-те, сходна беше картината с компютъра: младите хора нерядко си купуваха компоненти и си сглобяваха компютрите сами. Тогава процесът беше забавление и вълнение – да го сглобиш и да заработи, че да поиграеш или да си сред първите, влезли в това ново чудо интернет. Компютърът имаше своята магия…

Някой хора ще разберат от личен опит за какво става дума…

List of Android hidden USSD codes

Да не изчезне от източника: http://www.geekboots.com/tips-and-tricks/list-of-android-hidden-ussd-codes-that-you-must-know е това копие на интересни кодове за Андроид.

List of Android hidden USSD codes – Списък с кодове за управление на Андроид устройства

  1. *#06# = Check IMEI of your device.
  2. *#0*# = Enter service menu on the very new Android phones.
  3. *#0228# = Check battery status.
  4. *#9090# / *#1111# = Make device in Service mode.
  5. *#*#4636#*#* = Get information about battery, usage statistics and device.
  6. *#*#34971539#*#* = Get all information about camera.
  7. *#12580*369# = Get software and hardware info.
  8. *#228# = For ADC Reading.
  9. #7353# = Hide test menu 2/Self Test Mode.
  10. ##7764726 = Hide service menu for Motorola Droid.
  11. *#*#273283*255*663282*#*#* =For backup of our all media files.
  12. *#*#232338#*#* = Display the Wi-Fi mac address.
  13. *#7465625# = View status of lock-phone.
  14. *#*#3264#*#* = Show RAM version.
  15. *#*#44336#*#* = Display build time and change list number.
  16. *#*#232337#*# = Display device’s Bluetooth address.
  17. *#*#197328640#*#* = Enables test mode for service.
  18. *#*#8351#*#* = Enable voice dial mode.
  19. *#*#8350#*#* = Disable the voice dial mode.
  20. *#*#0842#*#* = Test Back-light/vibration.
  21. *#*#2664#*#* = Test the touch-screen.
  22. *#*#0289#*#* =For Audio test.
  23. *#*#0*#*#* =For LCD display test.
  24. *#*#232331#*#* = Test Bluetooth of any Android device.
  25. *#*#0283#*#* = Perform a packet loop-back test.
  26. *#*#1575#*#* =For advanced GPS test.
  27. *#*#1472365#*#* =Perform a quick GPS test.
  28. *#*#0588#*#* = Perform a proximity sensor test.
  29. *#*#7262626#*#* = Perform field test.
  30. *#*#232339#*#* =Testing Wireless LAN.
  31. *#9090# = Diagnose configuration of device.
  32. *#872564# = Control U-S-B logging.
  33. *#9900# =System dump mode.
  34. *#*#7780#*#* =Resetto factory state.
  35. *2767*3855# = Format Android device.
  36. *#*#4986*2650468#*#* = Get PDA, phone, H/W and RF Call Date.
  37. *#*#1234#*#* = Know about PDA and firmware version.
  38. *#*#1111#*#* =FTA Software version.
  39. *#*#2222#*#* =FTA Hardware version.
  40. *#*#7594#*#* = Change power button behavior once code enabled.
  41. *#*#8255#*#* = Launch Google Talk service monitor.

Цифрови монополисти и системи

Много хора се учудват на искрената ми ненавист по адрес на Цифрови Системи и техния Register.BG. Откакто има интернет в България ревниво се пази да няма втори регистратор в BG домейна, а процедурата за регистрация е направо като от преди два века – документи, факсове, такси и не на последно място цени на монопол ПАК
Ето защо пак сме на последно място в ЕС :
“С .bg са регистрирани 38 704 сайта, а страната ни се намира непосредствено над несъществуващата вече Югославия (с домейн .yu).
За сметка на това ние сме изпреварени от Естония, Словения, Беларус, Исландия, Лихтенщайн и в интерес на истината от почти всички европейски държави.”.
Така е, като регистрацията в БГ е 36 евро !!! а EU и COM са около 10 евро.
Източник: http://it.dir.bg/news.php?id=21977427

Цифрови системи и монополисти Бе Ге да го Е***
Цифрови системи и монополисти Бе Ге да го Е***

Completely remove the extra calendars from being pushed out to your iOS devices and Mac, but still have access to them via the web and Google Apps.

Completely remove the extra calendars from being pushed out to your iOS devices and Mac, but still have access to them via the web and Google Apps.

If you want the short version, just head over to Google Calendar’s Sync Select page ( https://www.google.com/calendar/syncselect ), login to your Google Account, and get unchecking!

The long version and video is here:
How To: Remove Unwanted Google Calendars from iOS and Mac

Thank you Ben Rimes.

 

 

Printing to a Windows 7 networked printer from Mac OS X

On the Windows 7 machine – enable the LDP Print Service using the following steps clicking and selecting:

A.1. Start button, and then “Control panel”
A.2. “Programs”, then “Programs and Features”
A.3. “Turn Windows Features on or off”
A.4. Expand “Print and Document Services”
A.5. Check(mark) the box for “LDP Print Services”
A.6. OK, and close “Programs and Features” window

On the Mac:

B.1. Open “Printers & Scanners” (from Preferences or Spotlight search)
B.2.  Click the plus button under the Printers column to see the Add window. This window has the following tabs: Default, IP and Windows icons.
B.3. Click the IP icon, enter the IP address of the Win7 machine
B.4. Change the protocol to LPD
B.5. Enter the shared name (use name without spaces and special characters when sharing under Win 7) for the printer in the Queue field.
B.6. Select the driver – It is better have installed Mac OS drivers before this step.
B.7. Click Add to complete.